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Global Journal of Food Science and Technology

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the upshot of aflatoxin food safety concerns on Iran’s pistachio trade with gravity model

Mohammed Bello

Department of Agricultural Economics, Sharif University of TechnologyAzadi St. Tehrān Iran, Iran.

Accepted 30 October, 2013 

How food safety affects international trade is an important factor to be studied for low -income countries which continue to rely on agricultural exports. Iran, as the greatest pistachio exporter in the world, encounters a serious problem of aflatoxin contamination. This food safety shocks affected Iran’s income which has caused a lot of damages to the country’s economy. The paper estimates the effect of food safety concerns on Iran’s pistachio export during 1997 to 2006. Using a generalized gravity model, we find that food safety has significant effect on Iran’s pistachio export, beside other factors that have effect on pistachio trade. Based on our analysis, food safety regulations have a greater effect in the long run as against the short run.rograms aimed at  reducing  aflatoxin  contamination  of  istachio  is a key recommendation forpolicy  makers. The results of this study suggest  that  Iran  pistachio growers would  benefit  from better marketing and increased food safety regulations to maintain its export market share in the world. 

Key words: pistachio, food safety, panel data, generalized gravity model, Iran.