GJBBR Navigation
About
Publication Ethics
Call For Paper
Editorial Board
Guide to Authors
Scope
Editorial Workflow
Submit Manuscript
Archives
Viewing Options
[View Abstract]
[View Full Text PDF]
[Download Full Text PDF]
Authors Articles on Google Scholar
Ghaith Al-Daradji
Authors Articles on Pubmed
Ghaith Al-Daradji
Preferences
Email this Article to a friend
Print this Article
Statistics
Viewed: 47
Forwarded: 0
Printed: 15
Downloaded: 60
Browse Journals By Category
Agricultural Sciences
Biological Sciences
Education
Engineering
Legal Studies
Medical Sciences
Physical Sciences
Social Sciences

Newsletters Subscription

Global Journal of Biological and Biomedical Research

ISSN: 2505-001X Vol. 4(2), pp. 147-152, February, 2016.                                                            

 

Full Length Research Paper

 

Antibiotic susceptibility of P. aeruginosa isolated from burns and wounds of patients in Iraq

 

Ghaith Al-Daradji

 

Accepted 05 January, 2016

A total of one hundred and forty two swab samples (92 clinical and 50 from hospital environment) were collected for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Out of the total samples, 29 isolates of P. aeruginosa were isolated and recorded an overall prevalence rate of 20.42% (29/242) of which 18 (19.56%) were from wounds and burns swabs of patients, and 11 (22%) were from hospital environment. The highest rate of P. aeruginosa (60%) identified from hospital environmental specimens were from door handles followed by ward sinks (57.15%) and the least (10.53%) from patients’ beds and table tops. According to gender and age group, the study showed the highest rate of P. aeruginosa in the male (55.6%), and in young patients (38.9%) between the ages of 5 and 25 years compared to the elderly; while the lowest rate 27.8% were from those age 45 years and above. Results showed that all isolates from patients and hospital environment were resistant to ticarcillin and ceftazidime (100%). Also, P. aeruginosa from patients demonstrated high resistance to cefepime, ofloxacin, gentamycin, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, norfloxacin, levofloxacin and amikacin in the following order respectively :88.8, 77.7, 61.1, 50.0, 44.4, 44.4, 38.8, 38.8 and 33.3%; whereas showed low resistance (16.6 and 11.1%) to each of ticarcillin/clavulanate and meropenem, and only 5.5% to imepenem. Generally, this study pointed that P. aeruginosa isolates from hospital environment were more resistant to particular antibiotics than that of clinical isolates. It was also revealed that P. aeruginosa have high sensitivity to imepenem, meropenem and ticarcillin /clavulanate and these should be considered in the treatment of this bacterium.

Key words: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antibiotic resistance, clinical samples, surgical wards, hospital environment.