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Global Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics

ISSN: 2437-1874 Vol. 3 (8), pp. 239-247, August, 2016.                                                             

 

Full Length Research Paper

 

Genetic diversity among tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

 

Marcus Defar Dibaba

 

Accepted 07 July, 2016

The objective of the study was to estimate genetic diversity among tomato genotypes. Thirty-six genotypes introduced from different countries were evaluated at Humera Agricultural Research Center, Northern Ethiopia, during 2010/2011 in 6 × 6 simple lattice design with two replications. Cluster analysis was made by average linkage method. Mahalanobis distance (D2) was used to estimate the genetic distance between pair of clusters. Estimates of cluster analysis revealed that the thirty-six genotypes were grouped in to six distinct clusters. Genetic distance between any pair of clusters showed very highly significant difference. The maximum and minimum distances were recorded between clusters IV and V (1805.00) and cluster II and III (81.94) respectively. This indicated the existence of a possibility to improve genotypes through hybridization from any pair of clusters and subsequent selection can be made from the segregant generations. Principal component analysis showed that the first six principal components explained about 83.03% of the total variation. Generally, the study confirmed presence of adequate genetic diversity between any pair of clusters which could be exploited through hybridization.

Key words: Cluster analysis, Mahalanobis distance, principal component analysis, eigenvalue, eigenvector.