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Ahmed Mohammed Abdulla
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Global Journal of Food Science and Technology

ISSN: 2408-5472 Vol. 3 (1), pp. 143-152, April, 2015

Full Length Research Paper 

Determinants of household food security and coping strategies: The case of Bule-Hora District, Borana Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Ahmed Mohammed Abdulla 

Yabelo Pastoral and Dry Land Agriculture Research Center, Yabelo, Po.Box 85 Yabelo, Ethiopia;

E-mail: ahmedmoha2009@gmail.com, Phone: +251910409212 

Accepted 4 April, 2015 


Now  a  day  food  security  issues  become  one  of  the  critical  concern  and  top  priority  area for developing  countries.  Having clear picture  on  food  security  status  and  its  major determinants  helps  policy  makers  and  planners  to  devise  new  policies  that  enhance  food security.  Hence,  this  study  was  conducted  to  determine  the  status  of  food  security  in  the study area, to identify the major determinants of food security among the rural household, and to identify coping strategies employed by different food security status groups to cope with  food  insecurity.  In order  to  achieve  these  objectives  biophysical;  demographic  and socio-economic  data  were  collected  from  140  randomly  selected  households  in  Bule-hora District  of  Borana Zone, Oromia Regional  State. A two-stage sampling procedure was used to select 5 PAs.  A survey was conducted to collect primary data from sample respondent. Secondary data were collected from various sources. The data were analyzed using  descriptive  statistics  such  as  mean,  standard  deviation,  percentage  and  frequency distribution. Univariate analysis such as one way ANOVA and Chi-square tests were also  employed  to  describe  characteristics  of  food  secure,  food  insecure  without  hunger, food  insecure with moderate  hunger  and  food  insecure with  sever  hunger  categories.  The survey  result  shows  that    about  23%  of  sampled  farmers  were  food  secure. Ordered  logit regression  model  was  fitted  to  analyze  the  potential  variables  affecting  household  food insecurity  in  the  study  area.  Among 14  explanatory  variables  included  in  the  logistic model,  6  of  them  were  significant  at  less  than  5%  probability  level.  These are; Cultivate Land Size (LAND SIZE), Livestock holding (TLU) and Improved seed (SEEDUSE), SEX of household  head,  Soil  fertility  status  (SOIL  FER)  and  non-farm  income  (INCOMEON). The estimated model correctly predicted 85.2% and different recommendations were made based on the findings of the study. 

Keywords: Food security, coping mechanism, logit model